Understanding Head Lice & Nits

Head Lice - small grey-brown bugs, up to the size of a sesame seed, which live in hair. What are Head lice? 

Head lice &nbsp are small grey-brown bugs, up to the size of a sesame seed, which live in hair. They are common, particularly in younger school-aged children because they tend to play closely together. Head lice live close to the scalp, which they feed on, and are spread by direct contact – they cannot fly, jump or swim. Head lice can spread among humans, but cannot be shared with pets or other animals unlike fleas which will live on both. 

What are nits
Nits are the tiny, hatched eggs of the head lice which are similar to dandruff in appearance but are hard to comb out. Head lice eggs hatch after 7-10 days. It is then 6-10 days before the head louse is fully grown and begins to lay eggs itself. Therefore it is important to treat and remove head lice as soon as possible after they hatch.

Check your family’s hair regularly
If you or your child has head lice then you may experience itching. However the lice may be present without itching so with school-age children it is a good idea to check their hair regularly, to catch head lice quickly and stop them spreading both within your family and to other children.

Head lice are not caused by dirty hair or a lack of hygiene. Head lice will live in clean hair, and in any length of hair.

How to treat head lice
A head lice and nit comb is an important item for any parent of school children. Combing clean, de-tangled hair regularly with a narrow pronged nit comb will help you detect and remove nits and lice.


Scalp rubs, shampoos and conditioners can also be used to get rid of head lice and prevent the infestation recurring.

Tower Health's natural head lice solution – What Nits natural treatment  
The What Nits range is a natural, safe and effective range of head lice treatments designed to make it fun and easy to treat your childrens' head lice. This range contains natural oils known to combat head lice (tea tree oil, neem oil and eucalyptus) rather than sodium laureth sulfates and parabens which may cause irritation. It is also approved by the vegetarian society.